senegalia catechu common name

Although it might seem reasonable to suspect safrole as the cause of the genotoxicity of betel quid, Piper betle is in fact antimutagenic, antigenotoxic and anticarcinogenic in human and animal models (Padma et al 1989a, 1989b; Azuine et al 1991; Bhide et al 1991a, 1991b, 1994; Jeng et al 1999a; Rao et al 1985; Trivedi et al 1994). In a study, the aqueous extract of A. catechu was orally administered (5 and 50 mg/kg), and it was observed that the treated mice showed an increase in the neutrophil adhesion to the nylon fibers, produced a significant increase in the phagocytic index, and a significant protection against cyclophosphamide induced neutropenia indicating its effect on cell-mediated immunity. (2003) demonstrated that the aqueous extracts of A. catechu, in rat liver microsomal preparation, could inhibit radiation-induced lipid peroxidation. Catechu Tree Senegalia polyacantha (Willd.) Various extract of A. catechu have chemo-protective role in chemical (carbon tetrachloride, t-butyl hydrogen peroxide, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, DMBA) induced hepatocytic damage, breast and squamous cells cancers (Monga et al., 2011). 974-89377-5-5. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The species of the genus Senegalia were considered members of the genus Acacia until 2005. IUPAC name: 3, 4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid. fil.) P. J. H. Hurter & Mabb. Natural History: Guajillo is a multi-stemmed shrub that is mainly distributed in the Southwestern United States and Northeastern Mexico (1). SUBSTANCE -> SUB_CONCEPT: none {{ more2535 == true ? fleckii: named after geologist E. Fleck, who collected the type specimen in the 1800’s. Nomenclature and Classification . Seigler & Ebinger. is a moderate-sized deciduous tree native from Asia which is valued for the production of tannin ("cutch") extracted from its heartwood. In Hindi, it is called ‘Katha’. In fact, epicatechin, EGCG (19) and other catechin flavonoids may protect against neurotoxic oxidative stress caused by the HIV-Tat protein [97]. The average height reached by the plant is approximately 15 meters. Ken Fern, The plant is called khair in Hindi, and kachu in Malay, hence the name was Latinized to "catechu" in Linnaean taxonomy, as the type-species from which the extracts cutch and catechu are derived. Compound 18 was reported as histidine decarboxylase inhibitor, inhibiting the conversion of histidine to histamine suggesting to have beneficial effects through reduction of potentially damaging, histamine-related local immune response [98]. The Plant List includes a further 1 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Senegalia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Arathi Nair, ... Bhaskar Saha, in New Look to Phytomedicine, 2019. Scientific Names. Six were smokers, including one of the quid chewers, who had six times as many adducts as the non-smoker. This plant has no children Legal Status. The earliest clinical studies involve the use of Acacia catechu to treat lepromatous leprosy ( Ojha et al., 1969 ). SENEGALIA CATECHU BARK. Plants play a major role in controlling diabetes from early times. Scientific or Botanical Name Acacia Catechu Common Names Koir, Kheriya Baval, Kher Kagli, Khair, Sandra, Cutch Tree, black catechu LEGUMINOSAE CAESALPINIOIDEAE Mimosoid Clade Senegalia catechu Being exported in large numbers to various parts of the world since many centuries, Acacia has been immensely significant as herb of great medicinal value. & Mabberley, D.J. Common names for it include kher, catechu, cachou, cutchtree, black cutch, and black catechu. Ajna Fern Acacia campylacantha Hochst. A. catechu bark (methanolic and hexane) extracts have antiproliferative, cytotoxic, and anticancer properties against various cancer cell lines but does not show any effect on human peripheral lymphocytes; thus, this property can be used in designing safe anticancer drug (Nadumane and Nair, 2011). The antiviral compounds isolated from A. catechu can overcome the conventional problem of generation of a drug resistant HIV-1 strain (Márquez et al., 2005) has hence is a promising candidate in drug discovery. GA occurs in two forms: methylated GAs (e.g., syringic acid) or galloyl conjugates of catechin derivatives (e.g., flanvan-3-ols, or polygalloyl esters of glucose, quinic acid or glycerol).8–10 Figure 80.1 depicts the chemical structure of GA. The database and code is licensed under a Cola contains very small amounts of safrole, presumed to be due to the presence of nutmeg oil.12 However, there is no correlation between cola consumption and liver cancer in humans (Bosch et al 2004; http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/ourcompany/ar/pdf/2009-per-capita-consumption.pdf accessed April 28th 2012). [excluded] black cutch Classification. The above illustrates the possible interactions of carcinogenic and anticarginogenic constituents in relation to human risk. However, the levels of safrole-DNA adducts found in the liver were surprisingly low, suggesting that there may be no causal relationship between the safrole-DNA adducts and the cancers. Natural History . They were the only patients who were betel quid chewers. The earliest clinical studies involve the use of Acacia catechu to treat lepromatous leprosy (Ojha et al., 1969). Of note, 70% methanolic extracts of A. catechu is found to have DNA protective properties. Armelle T. Mbaveng, ... Victor Kuete, in Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, 2014. Senegalia senegal or Gum Arabic is a small, spiny, deciduous tree native to semidesert regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, Oman, Pakistan, and west coastal India. Moreover, in the context of oral cancer, safrole has shown in vitro and in vivo antitumoral activity through apoptosis of human oral cancer HSC-3 cells, and in a mouse solid tumor xenograft model of the same cancer type (Yu et al 2011). It is a very popular plant commonly known by the following names black catechu, black cutch, catechu, cutch, cutch tree, dark catechu, gum catechu. It is a medium height tree belonging to the Fabaceae family. Areca nut contains the alkaloids arecoline and arecaidine, both of which are genotoxic (Panigrahi & Rao 1984; Tsai et al 2008). This phytochemical is also a selective monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) of type MAO-B, showing its ability to reduce the symptoms of Parkinson and Alzheimer diseases [99]. It is also know for its medicinal uses.Seeds Specifications Seeds per Packet 3000 Common Name Babul, Cachu, Catechu, Koir, Kheriya Baval, Kher Kagli, Khair, Sandra, Cutch Tree, black catechu Height Up to 15 m Flower Colour White to pale yellow Bloom Time July to August Difficulty Level Easy Planting and careAfter about six months in a nursery, the seedlings can be planted in the fieldSenegalia catechu … Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Found in Asia, China, India, and the Indian Ocean area, Senegalia catechu or known for various common names such as Black Catechu, Kher, Catechu, Cachou, Cutchtree, and Black Cutch is a spiny deciduous tree growing up to 15 m tall and 50 cm in bole diameter. Anand A. Zanwar, ... Subhash L. Bodhankar, in Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease, 2014, Gallic acid (GA) is a common and important antioxidant that has been reported to occur in various plants such as oak bark, tea leaves, green tea, apple peels, grapes and used in polyherbal formulations such as gall nuts, sumac and wine. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Hurter & Mabb. Areca nut extract was genotoxic to human gingival keratinocytes (Jeng et al 1999b), and areca-derived carcinogenic nitrosamines have been found in the saliva of betel chewers (Stich et al 1986; Nair J et al 1987). Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Its branches are extensively … The antimutagenic action of Piper betle is thought to be due to antioxidant constituents such as eugenol, chevibetol, hydroxychavicol, allyl pyrocatechol, α-tocopherol and β-carotene (Amonkar et al 1986; Azuine et al 1991; Chang et al 2002; Rathee et al 2006). Senegalia catechu is found in Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area. Organism - Senegalia catechu. Scientific name i: Senegalia catechu: Taxonomy navigation › Senegalia. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Description. Preferred Names. Cyclicity. Govaerts, R. et al. Chemical structure of gallic acid. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128146194000185, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128000182000200, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978032347720800016X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123984562000803, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780443062414000126, Harmful and Protective Effects of Phenolic Compounds from African Medicinal Plants, Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, Recent advancements in oral delivery of insulin: from challenges to solutions, Polyphenols in the Prevention and Treatment of Vascular and Cardiac Disease, and Cancer, Anand A. Zanwar, ... Subhash L. Bodhankar, in, Padma et al 1989a, 1989b; Azuine et al 1991; Bhide et al 1991a, 1991b, 1994; Jeng et al 1999a; Rao et al 1985; Trivedi et al 1994, Jeng et al 1999b; Miyazaki et al 2005a; Dasgupta et al 2006, http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol100E/mono100E-10.pdf, Amonkar et al 1986; Azuine et al 1991; Chang et al 2002; Rathee et al 2006, http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/ourcompany/ar/pdf/2009-per-capita-consumption.pdf. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by The reason why many Taiwanese quid chewers develop cancers must therefore be due to one or more other carcinogens. with help from If you would like to support this site, please consider. The heartwood and bark are used in traditional medicine to treat sore throat and diarrhea. 17.3.1 Acacia catechu/Senegalia catechu (Distribution: Asia; Family: Fabaceae; Common Names: Cutch Tree, Black Catechu, Cachou) The heartwood and bark are used in traditional medicine to treat sore throat and diarrhea. Similar adducts were found in the liver tissue of two out of 28 Taiwanese with HC. Raje Chouhan, ... Anil Kumar Bajpai, in Nanostructures for Oral Medicine, 2017. Hurter, P.J.H. Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment, 2013 (0 ratings) 0. It cited betel leaf as probably not carcinogenic in animals (http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol100E/mono100E-10.pdf, accessed July 10th 2012). Acacia catechu. Compound 18 is a pharmacologically active compound found to induce longevity in the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans [90], to inhibit intestinal tumor formation in mice [91], to inhibit the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein [92], to suppress expression of Kruppel-like factor 7 [93], to show an enhancement of the antifungal effect of amphotericin B against Candida albicans [94] and to prevent human plasma oxidation [95]. Seigler & Ebinger Show All Show Tabs catechu tree GA and related derivatives act as natural antioxidants which are basically secondary polyphenolic metabolites. Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. A number of bioactive compounds are isolated from A. catechu like free radical scavenging catechin (polyhydroxylated benzoic acid), rutin, isorhamnetin (Li et al., 2011), and other compounds like epicatechin, epicatechin-3-O-gallate, epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (Stohs and Bagchi, 2015), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, ophioglonin, quercetin, afzelechin, kaempferol, 3,4′,7-trihydroxyl-3′,5-dimethoxy-flavone, epiafzelechin, mesquitol, aromadendrin, and phenol (Li et al., 2010). Common Name English view: view: Code System Code Type Description References; RXCUI: 1811251. Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. SENEGALIA CATECHU BARK. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. The aqueous extracts of heartwood also show antidiabetic and antinociceptive action in a dose-dependent manner (Rahmatullah et al., 2013). Senegalia catechu is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15 m (50 ft) in height. It is likely, therefore, that antioxidant and antimutagenic constituents of betel leaf counteract the toxicity of areca nut alkaloids, and evidence of this can be found in the antagonistic effect of arecoline in relation to the chemopreventive action of clocimum oil (85–90% eugenol) in mice (Singh A et al 2000). sundra (Roxb.) A. catechu extract produced a significant increase in the serum immunoglobulin levels, increase in the hemagglutination titer values, and decrease in the mortality ratio in mice, suggesting enhanced humoral immunity (Ismail and Asad, 2009). Senegalia catechu (L. Naik et al. It grows best in dry, gravelly or sandy soil, and is often found on hillsides and slopes (2,4). The level of adducts increased to 1 in 108 (100 million) nucleotide bases by week eight (Randerath et al 1993). Rich. Moreover, various parts of A. catechu extract show antimicrobial properties against a number of pathogens including Salmonella typhi (Rani and Khullar, 2004), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans (Negi and Dave, 2010), Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Shigella spp. Related Record Type Details References; 996E9YN6SU. Senegalia polyacantha (Willd.) (syn. The tree also provides a useful timber. Senegalia catechu is found in Asia, China, India and the Indian … ]. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ACCA21: Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. Scientific Name. The plant is called katha in Hindi, and kachu in Malay, hence Latin “Catechu” for this type species from which the extracts cutch and catechu are derived. GA content found in Pu-erh tea was the highest at 5.53 mg/g.2 Borde et al.3 reported GA in different Ayurvedic herbs and formulations: Acacia Arabica (Babool) 0.593 mg/g, Acacia catechu (Khair) 0.091 mg/g, Eugenia jambolana (Jamun) 1.094 mg/g, Terminalia chebula (Hirda) 7.144 mg/g, Terminalia belerica (Behda) 6.46 mg/g, Punica granatum (Dalimb) 1.915 mg/g, Phyllanthus emblica (Amla) 27.36 mg/g, Triphala 18.24 mg/g, and Chyavanprash 2.234 mg/g. These are the plants that have the activity of controlling diabetes (Shivashankar and Mani, 2011). Hurter & Mabb., formerly known as Acacia catechu (L.) Willd., Oliv.) Catechin (18) is a naturally occurring flavonol and a well-demonstrated antioxidant phytochemical originally derived from catechu, which is the tannic juice or boiled extract of Acacia catechu L.f (Fabaceae) [78]. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Transcriptomic studies also indicated that 18 could reduce atherosclerotic lesion development in apo E-deficient mice [96]. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Flavonoids isolated from A. catechu reduce the production of proinflammatory eicosanoids (Burnett et al., 2007). Family. The plant is called khair in Hindi, and kachu in Malay, hence the name was Latinized to "catechu" in Linnaean taxonomy, as the type-species from which the extracts cutch and catechu are derived. Safrole-DNA adducts were detected in the liver of a Taiwanese man who had chewed betel quid for 32 years, and was diagnosed with HC (Liu et al 2000). The discussion above highlights a causal relationship between betel quid chewing and oral, esophageal and liver cancers. Epicatechin was found able to cross the blood–brain barrier and activate brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) pathways [97], suggesting its neuroprotective effects. Robert Tisserand, Rodney Young PhD, in Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition), 2014. NHPID Name: Senegalia catechu. Accepted Name Black catechu ... Common Dryland Trees of Karnataka: Bilingual Field Guide. Karamac et al.1 reported GA content in some plant extracts like Camellia sinensis L., Arctostaphylos uva-ursi L., Corylus avellana, Oenothera biennis, and Vitis vinifera L. The content ranges from 5 to 309 mg/g and the highest levels were found in tannin fraction of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi L. extract. Official Name English view: view: ACACIA CATECHU BARK POWDER [INCI] Common Name English view: view: This is a sub-concept of substance: 996E9YN6SU. ex Rottler) Maslin. Through derivatives of the flavanols in its extracts, the species has lent its name to the important catechins, catechols and catecholamines of chemistry and biology. Arecoline also depletes antioxidant enzymes, and is cytotoxic to human oral mucosal cells (Jeng et al 1999b; Miyazaki et al 2005a; Dasgupta et al 2006). In Taiwan, quid chewing is associated with 80% of oral cancer deaths, although this figure includes smokers (Kwan 1976, cited in Jeng et al 1994b). Common name i-Synonym i-Other names i ›Acacia catechu ›Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd. DC. Senegalia catechu in Kew Science Plants of the World online.The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Published on the internet. Thus, despite the causal relationship between betel quid chewing and oral, esophageal and liver cancers, the presence of safrole-DNA adducts per se is not a cause for alarm. Another metabolite found in rat urine was pyrogallol, which was formed by decarboxylation of GA. Syringic acid and 3,4-dimethoxy-5-hydroxybenzoic acid were reported in urine.6 Wacher and Benet7 reported that the esters form of GA has been found to have better bioavailability. Created by admin on Sat Jul 11 08:22:00 EDT 2020, Edited by admin on Sat Jul 11 08:22:00 EDT 2020. It is usually available in an … web interface by The bark extracts exhibited potent anti-HIV effects, owing to its effect on viral protease and via hampering the interaction of Viral Tat protein to its HIV-1 promoter sequence of LTR (Modi et al., 2013). Senegalia – from Senegal. Figure 80.1. It is also known in other common names such as Gum acacia, Gum arabic tree, Senegal gum, and Sudan gum arabic. 2020. Black cutch (Senegalia catechu P.J.H. Compared to allopathic medications, it does not show any side effects, so recently patients are returning to natural medications. cinerea – ash coloured – referring to the trunk. Reference: UNAVA Proper Name(s): Senegalia catechu Common Name(s): Black catechu Black cutch Catechu Cutchtree Er cha Category: Approved Herbal Name. References [] Primary references []. 2008. It was demonstrated that catechin-like compounds were strong therapeutic candidates for protection against the cognitive decline caused by the HIV. ex A. Fabaceae: sub-family Mimosoideae (New South Wales) Leguminosae (South Australia) Catechin is a constituent of several medicinal plants found throughout Africa such as Ficus mucuso [79], Ficus gnaphalocarpa [80], Ficus cordata (Moraceae) [81] and Khaya grandifoliola C.D.C. ), wrapped in the leaves or flowers of Piper betle L. In India and Pakistan, tobacco is often added, though not in Taiwan or Southern China. Acacia catechu var. Common names for it include kher, catechu, cachou, cutchtree, black cutch, and black catechu. Interestingly, while aqueous extracts of areca nut have been found to induce tumors in animals, aqueous betel leaf extracts either lacked tumorigenic activity or reversed tumorigenesis induced by known carcinogens (Bhide et al 1979; Rao 1984). Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. In 2012 an IARC report cited betel quid with or without tobacco, and areca nut, as carcinogenic to humans. Safrole-DNA adducts were found in the livers of mice who drank commercial cola drinks ad libitum for up to eight weeks, while they were not found in mice who drank non-cola soft drinks or water.

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